Connecting with Canadians

Research Report:

Overcoming Challenges in Centralized and Decentralized Housing Models: Ontario and British Columbia Compared

by Carla Schuk

Social housing policy has experienced substantial changes over the past two decades.  In the early 1990s, social housing devolved completely from federal responsibility to the purview of provincial and territorial governments who have differently organized and administered their respective social housing programs.  This paper addresses the centralized model for social housing employed by the British Columbia government and the decentralized model employed by the province of Ontario in order to assess the challenges and advantages of each system.  The report also examines theoretical models that have been adapted to overcome the trade-offs associated with these two systems.  The author demonstrates that in both models there is an increasing movement toward encouraging partnerships and co-operation vertically and horizontally across levels of government, moving away from rigid models of organization and administration toward more fluid and responsive frameworks. 

The CPRN/SHSC Housing Research Internship and Scholar Program is funded by SHSC and run by CPRN's Director of Housing and Environment, Dr. Michael Buzzelli. The program's overall aim is to develop Canada's housing research and policy capacity by attracting and retaining the best and the brightest in the housing sector. The program is an intensive four-month policy research training experience that results in the publication of original housing policy research. For information on SHSC, go to www.shscorp.ca.

Release Date: 22 Dec 2009
Number of pages: 42
Document number: 51971

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